Ebony Magazine Origin

ebony magazineWhile Look and Life were top sellers, a new significantly different American magazine appeared, capturing the readership of more than a quarter of the black adults in the country.
John Johnson, head of the Johnson Publishing Company, founded Ebony in 1945 specifically for black World War II veterans, who were returning home in large numbers. Johnson felt these men, ready to marry and father children, needed wider knowledge of the world and could benefit from reading stories about successful blacks.
Johnson had already displayed a talent for persuading powerful whites to take him and his projects seriously. His first publishing venture had been a magazine called Negro Digest. He had raised the capital to launch that periodical, and when white magazine distributors refused to believe that a magazine for blacks could succeed, Johnson coaxed hundreds of his acquaintances to ask for the magazine at newsstands. And after several places agreed to stock Negro Digest on trial basis, Johnson’s friends then purchased all the copies. Chicago’s white distributors, concluding that readership for a black magazine existed, welcomed Johnson’s digest. Within months, circulation of Negro Digest rose to fifty thousand, and in 1943, when the magazine was a year old, Johnson persuaded Eleanor Roosevelt to write an article titled “If I were Negro.” It generated so much publicity nationwide that before year’s end, the circulation of Negro Digest trebled.
With Ebony, the black readership was strong but white advertisers shied away from the magazine. Johnson’s breakthrough came with the Zenith Corporation. The electronics company president, Commander Eugene McDonald, had journeyed to the North Pole with Admiral Peary and a black explorer, Matthew Henson. When Johnson approached Commander McDonald, he displayed an issue of Ebony featuring a story about Henson and the Peary expedition. The commander’s nostalgia induced him to honor Johnson’s request, and Zenith’s advertisements in Ebony undermined the white wall of resistance. With Ebony, Negro Digest, and another publication, Jet, John Johnson captured a combined readership of twelve million, nearly half the black adults in America.

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All in the Family – Saint Paul Magazine

Dr. Charles Crutchfield Sr., and Dr. Charles Crutchfield III have a common passion for medicine and philanthropy.

Dr. Charles Crutchfield Sr. and Dr. Charles Crutchfield III are two of Saint Paul’s best known physicians. Dr. Crutchfield Sr. has delivered more than 9,000 babies in his career as an obstetrician and gynecologist. His son, Dr. Crutchfield III, is a dermatologist with a renowned practice who is the team dermatologist for the Minnesota Wild, the Timberwolves, the Vikings and the Twins. He has written a children’s book to help parents teach the importance of using sunblock and is a guest expert on TV and radio shows.

Crutchfield III is also the son of two doctors. His mother, Dr. Susan Crutchfield, is a physician and the youngest person ever to graduate from the University of Minnesota School of Medicine. Crutchfield III not only continues the family professional legacy, he also carries on the family tradition of philanthropy and regularly lends his time and talents to local charities.

“I started a foundation that supports a lecture for physicians at the University of Minnesota on topics for patients of color,” he says. The annual lectureship is in the name of Dr. Charles and Susan Crutchfield. “I’m very proud of that, and it helps continually train other physicians in Minnesota to take great care of their patients,” he adds.

Taking great care of their patients is a family and professional point of pride. Crutchfield Sr. says, “If you thought enough of me to put your life in my hands, I am going to give you my very best.” Now 77 years old, he is retired, so he only practices medicine two days a week at the Open Cities Health Center in Saint Paul, which offers medical care on a sliding scale. No one is turned away because they can’t pay.

The elder Crutchfield has practiced medicine for over 50 years, but he remembers clearly the moment he decided to become a doctor. He was 7 years old, and very sick with pneumonia and strep. It made an impression on him that the black doctor, who made the house call, looked like him and became someone the young boy wanted to emulate. The doctor gave him a shot (“It burned, but my daddy told me I was a big boy and I was not to cry,” he recalls). Two days later, he was back at school and thought: “Anybody who can help people like that is doing good things … that’s what I’m going to do. And I never let anybody change my mind.”

Crutchfield III says that when he was a small child, he was often asked if he was going to be a doctor when he grew up, and he knew that the acceptable answer was always yes. “But I actually fell in love with science and medicine when I was in college as an undergraduate at Carleton College. I applied to graduate school in molecular biology and genomics at the Mayo Clinic and pursued a doctorate there,” he says, adding that he also decided to pursue an M.D. at the Mayo Clinic.

Like his father, Crutchfield III anticipates many years of medical practice. “I think my father, mother and I have the same philosophy. When you do something you love, it is not work at all,” he says. “I love the ability to use a particular set of skills I possess to help other people when they have medical concerns. Once again, I don’t call it work. I call it something I’m very fortunate to do and anticipate doing for a very long time.”

Saint Paul Magazine Article

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This Is What’s Happening to Your Skin During Your Period

Tatiana Bido , Special Projects Editor

Whether your menstrual cycles run like clockwork or you’re constantly surprised every month when your period arrives, the telltale signs of nature’s monthly gift are hard to miss. One of those signs is the way in which your skin changes on the days leading up to and following your cycle. Here’s a breakdown of what’s happening and what you can do about it.

Here’s What’s Happening With Your Hormones
Your monthly cycle begins on the first day of your period. During this time, although it may feel like your hormone levels are spiking, but they’re actually not. “Your skin is affected by the hormone shifts that happen during your entire menstrual cycle, but during your actual period, all your hormones are at relatively low levels,” says Santa Monica, CA, dermatologist Karyn Grossman, MD. Your levels of progesterone and estrogen drop, which contribute to the overwhelming emotional feelings that come with your period. Estrogen also stimulates skin-smoothing collagen and oils, which means when levels are low, your skin can feel drier and lines and wrinkles can appear more prominent.

According to Eagan, MN, dermatologist Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD, keeping your skin hydrated is the key to healthier skin during your period. “Hydration is probably the most important thing you can do for your skin during this time,” he says. “For this step I recommend three separate things: a gentle, nondrying cleanser; a moisturizing lotion rich in lipids and ceramides, which are the essential building blocks of the skin barrier; and an ammonium lactate–containing cream or lotion that acts as the humectant, the factor that holds the water in the skin.”  Continue reading This Is What’s Happening to Your Skin During Your Period

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InStyle Magazine’s Skin Care Expert – Dr. Charles Crutchfield

instyle magazineDr. Crutchfield recognized as a ‘skin care expert’ in In Style magazine. Discussing the latest trends in beauty products. Download & own InStyle’s May 2015 issue today on Itunes.

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Sunscreen – What Should I Be Looking For?

Mens Health February 2015

Ask the Men’s Health Expert –

When it comes to health, fitness, grooming, and any other subject we cover in Men’s Health, most guys have similar questions. So instead of racking our brains for what we think you want to know about skin, we dug through the archives and compiled every skin-related question guys have asked over the years. Don’t see the answer you’re looking for?

february 2015 Men's Health cover

Q: The sunscreen aisle confuses me more and more every year. What should I be looking for?

A: No single product can do everything, so you’ll need at least two different sunscreens to fend off the summer sun. For everyday face and neck protection, a recently FDA-approved sunscreen called Anthelios SX can’t be beat. It contains Mexoryl, a UVA-blocking compound that retains its effectiveness longer than other sun-stopping chemicals. As for the SPF, choose 15 or 30. “Anything greater than that has limited to negligible benefits,” says Charles Crutchfield, M.D., a professor of dermatology at the University of Minnesota medical school. “In fact, the FDA is considering banning any numbers higher than 45.” The only downside to Anthelios is that it doesn’t come in spray-on or waterproof versions yet, and you’ll need both at the pool or beach. “Sprays guarantee better full-body coverage,” says Dr. Crutchfield. Buy a bottle of Bullfrog Marathon Mist for good UVA/UVB protection and excellent staying power against water and sweat. Plus, unlike some other waterproof sunscreens, Bullfrog is oil-free, so it won’t irritate your skin.
Full Q & A Article: Men’s Health online

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Dr. Crutchfield in Perfect Skin Protection Magazine Discussing Actinic Keratosis & Skin Cancer

Perfect Skin Magazine

“Harmless” AK Precursor to Skin Cancer

Dr. Charles E. Crutchfield, III discusses actinic keratosis

Last year, fifty-eight million Americans were treated actinic keratosis (AK). Although the condition itself is not cancerous, if left untreated, AK usually results in squamous cell carcinoma. Given that “cancer” is a general term used to describe diseases characterized by abnormal changes in cells, actinic keratoses are usually included in descriptions of non-melanoma skin cancers.

We asked Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD, clinical professor of dermatology at the University of Minnesota Medical School and medical advisor for Perfect Skin Protection, to explain the condition and its treatment.

Q: What causes actinic keratosis?

perfect skin magazine pg 2A: First, you should remember that many
factors contribute to these skin
cancers: exposure to artificial UVR from
tanning beds; heredity; prolonged Q suppression of the immune system; exposure to X-rays; prolonged contact with coal, tar, pitch, or arsenic compounds; complications from burns, scars, vaccinations; and, even tattoos.

However, the overriding factor that both causes and compounds actinic keratosis is exposure to the harmful rays of the sun.

Q: Who is most likely to develop actinic keratosis

Perfect Skin Magazine page 3A: Actinic keratoses are generally seen on older, fair-skinned people who have been chronically exposed to the sun. They appear most often on skin least often covered by clothing – the hands, face, tip of ears, scalp and forearms. They can form in patients of all skin colors.

Q What are the symptoms?

A: Actinic keratoses are small bumps with rough, scaly surfaces or sores. They can be as small as the tip of a pencil or as large as a quarter. A person can have one or several at the same time. Some older patients find that they must be treated periodically for these lesions over many years. If this happens, your physician will carefully Crutchfield Magazinemonitor the lesions and recommend different treatments accordingly.

Most of the patients I see with actinic keratosis are age 50 and older, but I have seen some patients even in their 20’s with the lesions.

Q: How is actinic keratosis diagnosed?

A: Diagnosis is usually easy because the lesions have unique physical characteristics that physicians can identify by visual examination.

Occasionally, if the lesion is especially large or thick, it will need to be surgically removed
for microscopic examination (biopsy) to determine if it has evolved or changed to cancer. If cancerous, actinic keratosis will likely be diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma.

Crutchfield MAgazine InterviewQ: How is it treated?

A: Once the diagnosis is made, dermatologists will consider a number of factors before choosing the most appropriate methods of treatment. Some of these factors include

  • Location, size and number of lesions;
  • The desired cosmetic outcome;
  • The patient’s age, health and medical history;
  • The patient’s ability to comply with treatment; and,
  • The patient’s history of previous treatments.

If diagnosed in the early stages, actinic keratosis can be removed by cryotherapy or freezing; surgical excision or curettage (scraping); by applying cream (5-FU, Solaraze or Carac); or by chemical peeling, laser surgery, or other dermatologic surgical procedures.Perfect Skin MAgazineIt is not usually a difficult condition to treat, but can and will spread, if left untreated.

Q How can actinic keratosis be prevented?

A: Actinic keratosis can be prevented by practicing sun protection early and throughout life. Outdoor workers, gardeners, people who live in sunny states and anyone else who is chronically exposed to the sun should be very aware of this condition. Since it is often cited as one of the most common reasons to visit a dermatologist, it is probably one of the more notable drains on Medicare and other insurance. Education about prevention and detection should eventually lower the number of people with this disease.

perfect skin magazineAs I mentioned, actinic keratosis is a pre- cancer that progresses into cancer if left untreated. About five percent of actinic keratoses, left untreated, will transform into skin cancer. Having it treated and removed is vitally important to the prevention of cancer. If you develop any of the symptoms described above, see your dermatologist.

Crutchfield Dermatology serves patients in the St. Paul, Minneapolis, Eagan and surrounding areas.

perfect skin magazineHe is the recipient of numerous awards and recognitions and is medical advisor for Perfect Skin Protection magazine.

He can be contacted at


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Dr. Crutchfield featured in New Beauty Magazine as Beauty Expert

View & Read article in PDF version

New Beauty Magazine

Dr. Charles Crutchfield


Crutchfield in New Beauty Magazine


Text from New Beauty Article:

American Board of Dermatology

Some of Dr. Crutchfield’s top honors include “Top Doctor” (Minneapolis St. Paul), “Top Doctor for Women” (Minnesota Monthly), “America’s 10 Leading Dermatologists” (Black Enterprise), “America’s Top Doctors” (Castle Connolly Guide), “America’s Top Dermatologists” (Consumers’ Research Council of America) and “The Best Doctors in America 2012-2013” (Best Doctors). In addition, he was recently recognized by NBC News’ TheGrio.com as one of the “Top 100 Newsmakers Making History in the United States” and is a founding member of Doctors For The Practice Of Safe And Ethical Aesthetic Medicine (safeandethicaldoctors.org), a nonprofit organization.

Dr. Crutchfield used a combination of injectables in this 67-year-old patient’s nasolabial folds, forehead, cheeks and lips to correct sagging, add volume and give a dramatic effect.

Wanting to enhance her naturally nice lips, this 32-year-old sought Dr. Crutchfield for guidance. “The results we provide



Facial Rejuvenation
Beautiful, Full Lips
Selphyl™ Treatment
Treatments for Unwanted Brown
Spots; Facial Wrinkles, Veins and
Redness; and Smokers’ Lip Lines
Gorgeous Eyelashes
Cellulite Treatment
Hand / Neck Rejuvenation
Jowl Treatment
Treatments for Tummy Pouches,
Love Handles and Saddlebags
General Dermatology
Laser Hair Removal
Laser Surgery
“Liquid Facelift”
Scar Revision
Acne / Acne Scars


Less is more. I like to do lots of little things to create very dramatic and satisfying results— I tend not to emphasize any one particular treatment. I like to carefully listen to my patients and find out what bothers them. I then create a program that blends several techniques to give them the results they desire. As a clinical professor of dermatology, I teach to strengthen my specialty and keep my skills sharp to provide
the highest quality of care I can for my patients.

To achieve dramatic results, it is not really about using only one procedure or product. I like to blend lots of different treatments and products in order to achieve patients’ desired results.

Time and time again, patients say, “I really trust you. I have always felt that you’ve given me your honest opinion and best recommendations, and I don’t feel like I am trying to be up-sold on procedures or products I don’t want or need.” I believe “less is more,” and that approach gives our patients beautiful, natural-looking results. My patients’ friends should have no idea they’ve had anything done, only that they look fantastic. In fact, I like to say their friends should be “enviously confused.”

My goal is to provide the highest-quality skin care in a gentle, natural manner so patients look confident and refreshed. I don’t want my patients to look different than their age, just great for their age.

Mayo Clinic Medical School
University of Minnesota

Eagan, Minnesota


To learn more about the practice visit

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Dr. Crutchfield in Mpls St. Paul Magazine

Dr. CrutchfieldAsk a Derm

by Taylor Selcke

Dr. Charles Crutchfield of Crutchfield Dermatology in Eagan shares his advice on seeking treatment for those pesky skin problems.


What patient problems do you commonly treat?

Our clinic sees a wide range of issues pertaining to skin, hair, and nails. In addition to medical concerns, our skin and medi-spa performs a comprehensive range of aesthetic medical treatments to improve appearance, especially in the areas of the face, neck, and hands and in addressing cellulite.

Why should a patient use caution when thinking about seeking skin care–related treatment outside of a traditional dermatology office?

The difference could realistically mean the difference between healthy, quality results and years of difficulty and discomfort. A dermatology clinic should be visited any time a patient has a concern that requires treatments or medicines regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. The most important consideration for any aesthetic treatment is the expertise and experience of the person performing it, not the advertised price.

How can patients avoid trips to the dermatologist’s office in the first place?

I am a major proponent of sunscreen as one of the most effective ways to protect skin. I also recommend quality moisturizers, especially in the dry months, and quality minerals for individuals who wear makeup.

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