Everything you need to know about acute flaccid myelitis
This rare but very serious condition can cause paralysis in childrenDr. Crutchfield, I saw on the news that many Minnesota children are developing polio-like symptoms. What is this about? The condition is called acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). It is a rare, but very serious condition that affects a person’s nervous system via the spinal cord. The results are a weakening of one or more of the arms or legs or other muscles of the body. The weakening of the legs can cause extreme difficulty walking and even paralysis. As a result, the condition is very similar, clinically, to polio. Some patients make a rapid recovery and others may have a lengthy, perhaps even permanent paralysis. The prognosis can vary depending on the patient. If a person does have AFM, it is essential to use all treatment and rehabilitation options available. We currently are uncertain of what causes AFM. There may be one singular cause, or the condition may be a result of many causes that can produce the same effects. Scientists postulate that it could be a yet-to-be-identified virus or even environmental toxin. I would also submit for consideration infectious proteins called “prions” that can cause disease. Additionally, doctors are not sure of any factors that would increase one’s risk of developing AFM. What we do know
- The condition is very rare, affecting less than one in a million persons in the United States.
- There have been six documented cases of AFM in Minnesota, with over 20 suspected cases.
- From August 2014 through September 2018, there have been about 390 reported cases of AFM in the United States. (Reporting is voluntary, so this number is probably lower than the actual number of cases that have actually occurred.)
- Most cases are of children. The average age is four, and 90 percent of cases occur in those younger than 18.
- In no cases have doctors discovered a causative agent, including the polio virus.
- Sudden weakness in the arms or legs
- Facial droop
- Facial weakness
- Slurred speech
- Drooping eyelids
- Difficulty moving the eyes
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty breathing. This is the most severe complication of AFM because a weakening of the muscle that controls breathing is a medical emergency that, without immediate support, can lead to death.
- Encouraging healthcare providers to be watchful and report suspected cases of AFM
- Actively looking for risk factors for developing AFM
- Testing specimens, including stool, blood, and cerebrospinal fluid, from alleged AFM cases
- Working with researchers across the country and world to determine the cause of AFM
- Disseminating all new information on AFM to doctors, healthcare providers, and health departments as it becomes available
- Practice good hand-washing techniques
- Use appropriate mosquito repellants and protection
- Ensure all vaccinations are up to date
This rare but very serious condition can cause paralysis in…